Improvement of yield and grape and wine composition in field-grown Monastrell grapevines by partial root zone irrigation, in comparison with regulated deficit irrigationby Pascual Romero, Rocío Gil Muñoz, J.I. Fernández-Fernández, Francisco M. del Amor, Adrián Martínez-Cutillas, José García-García

Agricultural Water Management


Water Science and Technology / Agronomy and Crop Science / Earth-Surface Processes / Soil Science


Agricultural Water Management 149 (2015) 55–73

Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

Agricultural Water Management jou rn al hom ep age: www.elsev ier .com/ locate /agwat

Improv po

Monas gat with re

Pascual R dez

Adrián Martínez-Cutillas , José García-García a Departamento de Viticultura, Instituto Murciano de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario (IMIDA), c/Mayor s/n, 30150, La Alberca, Murcia,

Spain b Departamento de Horticultura, Instituto Murciano de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario (IMIDA), c/Mayor s/n, 30150 La Alberca, Murcia,

Spain a r t i c l

Article history:

Received 30 M

Accepted 21 O

Available onlin


Monastrell Ber

Cluster microc

Partial root zo


Regulated defi

Water use effi 1. Introdu

Some r irrigation (P in different conditions) some of wh ∗ Correspon

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Regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) and partial root zone irrigation (PRI) were compared for four years (2009–2012), each at two different irrigation volumes (110 mm year−1 (1) and 78 mm year−1 (2)), in fieldgrown Monastrell grapevines grafted onto 1103P, in South Eastern Spain. The aim was to distinguish the effects of deficit irrigation per se from specific PRI effects (placement of water) on yield response and berry and wine quality. Vines grown with PRI-1 or RDI-1 received around 30% of the ETc from budburst to fruit set, 13–15% ETc from fruit set to véraison and 20% ETc from véraison to harvest. The RDI-2 and PRI2 vines received around 20% ETc from budburst to fruit set, no irrigation from fruit set to véraison and a recovery (21-24% ETc) thereafter. In general, the PRI-2 and RDI-2 vines (the most-severely water-stressed) showed greater yield reduction and lower overall berry and wine quality (including technological and phenolic composition) than the moderately-water-stressed vines (RDI-1 and PRI-1). Compared to RDI-1,

PRI-1 improved the yield response—increasing mean yield, cluster number per vine and berry weight and maintaining better bunch health at late ripening and a greater proportion of bigger bunches. In addition, PRI-1 increased the anthocyanin and amino acid concentrations of the berries and altered their composition, improving the phenolic and chromatic characteristics of the wine and enhancing the healthpromoting value of the fruit. It was also the option most economically viable under the present conditions of the wine grape market, compared to RDI-1 and the rest of the treatments. In contrast, PRI-2, although it improved some technological quality attributes and phenolic and chromatic characteristics of Monastrell berries and wines compared to RDI-2, did not have a positive effect on yield (yield and cluster and berry weight decreased in some years) and its implementation was economically unviable under these soil and climatic conditions. The significant interaction between irrigation volume (high vs. low) and irrigation placement (PRI vs. RDI) indicate that the response to PRI also depended on the volume of water applied in the wet root zone and the soil total water availability. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ction ecent studies comparing partial root-zone drying

RI) and conventional deficit irrigation techniques (DI) crops and experimental conditions (controlled or field have reported a wide range of PRI-specific responses, ich may represent a significant improvement in yield, ding author. Tel.: +34 968 366739; fax: +34 968 366792. ress: (P. Romero). water use efficiency and/or fruit quality. The latter, novel PRI effects (compared with conventional DI plants which received the same amount of water) in different species include: (1) greater fruit growth, fruit fresh weight and/or total fruit dry weight (Dorji et al., 2005; Antolín et al., 2006; Zegbe et al., 2007; Spreer et al., 2007; Topcu et al., 2007; Aganchich et al., 2008; Savic et al., 2008; Talluto et al., 2008; Senyigit and Ozdemir, 2011; Romero and Martínez-Cutillas, 2012); (2) increased soil N availability, improved fertilizer-N use efficiency and plant N nutrition and distribution in the canopy (Wang et al., 2009, 2010, 2012a–c;

Wang et al., 2013) and enhanced root nutrient uptake capacity rg/10.1016/j.agwat.2014.10.018 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.ement of yield and grape and wine com trell grapevines by partial root zone irri gulated deficit irrigation omeroa,∗, Rocío Gil Mun˜oza, J.I. Fernández-Fernán a asition in field-grown ion, in comparison a, Francisco M. del Amorb, 56 P. Romero et al. / Agricultural Water Management 149 (2015) 55–73 (Wang et al., 2012a,b,c); (3) an advancement in fruit maturity (Zegbe et al., 2003; Topcu et al., 2007; Aganchich et al., 2008;

Pérez-Pérez et al. unpublished results); (4) greater activation of the antioxidant system (particularly soluble peroxidises and superoxide dism disorders, s 2007; Sun and (6) a s and WUE i

Kirda et al

Pérez-Pérez 2012; Pani 2013).

Furtherm on fruit com (Sun et al., et al., 2009

Toit, 2005) and total ph dry matter drates and and Martín wall-bound firmness (T and edible et al., 2008

PRI fruits d ment in wh 2008).

In the r sumption o of interest i effects on h of PRI on f health-prom and ‘health and sugar cyanins and with the sam et al., 2004

Bassoi et al studies rela abscisic acid free polyam (Antolín et in vine vigo canopy mic of light reac 2000a,b).

In addit – relative t distribution soil (Martín the soil wa 2011; Hutto


Romero et a (frequencie that PRI pro grapevine ( lated defici to both the umes. How